German Shepherd Dog Tartar Removal :Teeth Care Guide – Updated 2023

German Shepherd Teeth Cleaning

German Shepherd Dog Tartar Removal : Maintaining dental hygiene in your German Shepherd is not just about aesthetics; it directly impacts their overall well-being. One of the most common dental issues in dogs is the buildup of tartar and plaque on their teeth. Tartar is the result of mineralization of dental plaque, which is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. It can lead to various dental problems, including bad breath, tooth decay, and gum disease. Therefore, regular teeth cleaning is crucial.

Image by Freepik

Healthy Dog Gums

Before delving into the specifics of tartar removal, let’s talk about the foundation of good oral health for your German Shepherd: healthy gums. Gums play a significant role in maintaining overall dental health. They provide support to the teeth and help protect them from infections.

The Importance of Gum Color

One way to assess your dog’s gum health is by observing their gum color. Normal canine gums are typically pink, but various shades can indicate different states of health.

Normal Canine Gums

Healthy German Shepherds usually have pink gums, which is a sign of good blood circulation and oxygenation. However, there can be variations in shades.

Blue and Purple Gums

Gums that appear blue or purple could indicate a lack of oxygen in the blood, which is a serious concern. If you notice this, consult your veterinarian immediately.

Pale Pink and White Gums

Pale pink or white gums may signify anemia or shock. It’s essential to seek veterinary assistance promptly.

Bright Red and Bright Pink Gums

Bright red or bright pink gums can be a sign of inflammation, infection, or irritation. This could be due to various dental issues, including gingivitis or periodontal disease.

German Shepherd Teeth Cleaning

Image by wirestock on Freepik

Now that we’ve covered the basics of gum health, let’s focus on the actual process of German Shepherd teeth cleaning to prevent tartar buildup and maintain those pearly whites.

How Often to Brush Your German Shepherd’s Teeth

Regular brushing is the most effective way to prevent tartar buildup in your German Shepherd’s teeth. Aim to brush their teeth at least three times a week. Daily brushing is even better if you can manage it, as it minimizes the chances of tartar formation.

To make this task more manageable for both you and your furry friend, consider using a pet-specific toothbrush and toothpaste. Human toothpaste is not suitable for dogs as it can be harmful if ingested.

Desensitize and Let Your Dog Adjust

Not all dogs are thrilled about having their teeth brushed. If your German Shepherd is new to this routine, it’s essential to desensitize them to the process and let them adjust at their own pace.

Toothpaste and Adjustment

Start by introducing your dog to the toothpaste. Let them sniff and taste it on your fingertip. Dog-friendly toothpaste comes in various flavors, like chicken or beef, which can make it more appealing to your pet. Gradually, move on to applying a small amount on the toothbrush and letting them lick it off.

Once your dog is comfortable with the taste of the toothpaste, gently introduce the toothbrush. Begin by touching their teeth with the brush without any pressure. This helps them get used to the sensation.


As we’ve mentioned, tartar is the result of mineralized plaque. Once tartar forms on your German Shepherd’s teeth, it can’t be removed by brushing alone. It requires professional dental cleaning by a veterinarian, which often involves anesthesia.

Preventing tartar buildup is a key part of maintaining your dog’s dental health. Brushing, as we discussed, is the primary preventive measure, but there are other methods as well.

Dental Chews and Toys

Providing your German Shepherd with dental chews and toys can help reduce tartar buildup. These items are designed to clean teeth as your dog chews on them. They can be a tasty and enjoyable way for your pet to maintain dental hygiene.

1. Dental Chew Toys:

  • Usage: These toys are designed to promote chewing, which helps in reducing tartar and plaque buildup on your German Shepherd’s teeth. They also provide mental stimulation and can alleviate boredom.

2. Rubber Chew Toys:

  • Usage: Rubber chew toys can help massage the gums and clean teeth. They are durable and can be filled with treats or peanut butter to make them even more enticing for your dog.

3. Rope Toys:

  • Usage: Rope toys can act as dental floss for your German Shepherd’s teeth. As they chew and play with these toys, the fibers can help remove food particles and plaque from their teeth.

4. Interactive Puzzle Toys:

  • Usage: These toys challenge your dog’s problem-solving skills while also promoting healthy teeth. Many puzzle toys have textured surfaces that can help clean teeth as your dog manipulates them.

5. Dental Balls:

  • Usage: Dental balls are designed with ridges and nubs that can help clean teeth and massage gums as your German Shepherd chews and plays. Some of these balls are also flavored to make them more appealing.

6. Tug Toys:

  • Usage: Tug toys are not only great for bonding and exercise but also for dental health. As your dog tugs and chews on them, they can help maintain dental hygiene.

7. Scented Dental Toys:

  • Usage: Some dental toys are scented with flavors like mint or chicken. The scent can make the toy more appealing, and as your dog chews on it, it can help freshen their breath.

8. Hard Rubber Toys:

  • Usage: Hard rubber toys are durable and can withstand vigorous chewing. They often have textured surfaces that can help scrape off plaque from your dog’s teeth.

9. Freezable Dental Toys:

  • Usage: These toys can be filled with water and frozen. When your German Shepherd chews on them, the coldness can soothe their gums and provide relief from teething or dental discomfort.

10. Dental Treat Dispensers:

  • Usage: These toys dispense dental treats or kibble as your dog plays with them. The act of working to get the treats out can help clean teeth and gums.

Specialized Diets

Some dog foods are formulated to promote dental health. These diets typically have kibble with a specific texture or ingredients that help clean the teeth while your dog chews. Consult your veterinarian to determine if a specialized dental diet is suitable for your German Shepherd.

Healthy Dog Gums

In addition to tartar removal and teeth cleaning, it’s essential to monitor your German Shepherd’s gum health regularly. Even with regular brushing and preventive measures, issues can arise, and early detection is key.

Regular Check-Ups

Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for maintaining your dog’s oral health. Your veterinarian can perform a thorough dental examination and recommend any necessary treatments or cleanings.

Signs of Gum Problems

Keep an eye out for signs of gum problems in your Geman Shepherd. These may include:

  • Bad Breath: Persistent bad breath can indicate dental issues, including gum disease.
  • Swollen or Bleeding Gums: If you notice your dog’s gums are swollen, red, or bleeding, it could be a sign of gum disease.
  • Pawing at the Mouth: If your dog is pawing at their mouth or showing signs of discomfort while eating, it’s time to investigate.

1. Healthy Gums:

  • Appearance: Pink and moist.
  • What to Do: Maintain regular dental care and monitor for any changes.

2. Gingivitis:

  • Appearance: Red, swollen, and sometimes bleeding gums.
  • What to Do: Increase regular dental hygiene, including brushing and using dental chews. Consult your vet for professional treatment if it persists.

3. Periodontal Disease:

  • Appearance: Advanced gingivitis with gum recession, bad breath, and loose teeth.
  • What to Do: Consult a veterinarian for a thorough dental cleaning, and establish a consistent dental care routine at home.

4. Tartar Buildup:

  • Appearance: Hardened, yellow-brown deposits on teeth.
  • What to Do: Brush your dog’s teeth regularly, provide dental chews, and consider professional dental cleaning if necessary.

5. Ulcers or Sores:

  • Appearance: Painful, open sores on the gums.
  • What to Do: Seek immediate veterinary attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.

6. Blue or Purple Gums:

  • Appearance: Gums appear bluish or purplish.
  • What to Do: Consult your veterinarian urgently, as this can indicate a serious lack of oxygen in the blood.

7. Pale Pink or White Gums:

  • Appearance: Gums are unusually pale or white.
  • What to Do: It can be a sign of anemia or shock. Seek immediate veterinary assistance.

8. Bright Red or Bright Pink Gums:

  • Appearance: Gums are overly red or bright pink.
  • What to Do: This can indicate inflammation, irritation, or infection. Consult your vet for a diagnosis and treatment plan.

9. Swollen Gums:

  • Appearance: Gums appear enlarged and puffy.
  • What to Do: Monitor for changes, and consult your veterinarian if the swelling persists or worsens.

10. Bleeding Gums:

  • Appearance: Gums bleed when touched or during brushing.
  • What to Do: Be gentle when brushing your dog’s teeth, and consult your vet if bleeding continues.

Remember that maintaining good dental hygiene, regular check-ups with your veterinarian, and addressing any gum conditions promptly are essential for your dog’s overall health and well-being. Always consult with a veterinary professional for specific guidance and treatment recommendations tailored to your dog’s needs.

Professional Dental Cleaning

If your German Shepherd’s dental issues have progressed to the point where professional intervention is needed, your veterinarian will recommend a dental cleaning. This involves removing tartar and plaque buildup under anesthesia. While anesthesia may seem daunting, it’s essential for ensuring a thorough and safe cleaning.


In conclusion, maintaining the dental health of your German Shepherd is crucial for their overall well-being. A regular routine of teeth cleaning, monitoring gum health, and preventive measures can go a long way in ensuring your beloved canine companion enjoys a healthy and happy life.

Remember that every dog is unique, and their dental care needs may vary. Consulting with your veterinarian for personalized advice and regular check-ups is the best way to keep your German Shepherd’s teeth and gums in top shape.

So, whether you’re a seasoned German Shepherd owner or welcoming a new furry friend into your home, make dental care a priority. By following the guidelines outlined in this comprehensive guide, you can help your German Shepherd maintain a sparkling smile and enjoy a lifetime of good health.


How do you dissolve tartar on a dog’s teeth?

To dissolve tartar on a dog’s teeth, you can’t use chemical solutions as they may not be safe. The most effective method is through regular brushing with dog-specific toothpaste and professional dental cleanings by a veterinarian.

Is it safe to scrape tartar off dog’s teeth?

Scraping tartar off a dog’s teeth should only be done by a veterinarian. Attempting it at home can harm your dog’s gums and teeth. Professional dental cleanings under anesthesia are the safest option.

How do you clean a German Shepherd’s teeth?

To clean a German Shepherd’s teeth, use a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste. Gradually introduce them to the process, brushing their teeth at least three times a week. Dental chews and toys can also help with cleaning.

Is tartar painful for dogs?

Yes, tartar can be painful for dogs. It can lead to gum disease, tooth decay, and infections, causing discomfort and pain. Regular dental care is essential to prevent tartar buildup.

What softens tartar?

Tartar can be softened with saliva and can also absorb minerals from saliva over time. However, this doesn’t reverse the problem. To remove tartar, professional dental cleanings by a vet are necessary.

What do you think?

German Shepherd Dog Nails Too Long : How Short Should They Be? Updated 2023

How to Stop German Shepherd Dog Toenail from Bleeding:2023’s Top Ways